Hop Varieties

Here is a brief description of the each variety we are growing. Alpha acid in parentheses used as an estimate unless otherwise specified.

Brewer’s Gold (8-10%)
This bittering or late addition hops has a spice to its flavor and aroma. Many modern high alpha hops were developed from Brewer’s Gold. Has a resiny, spicy aroma/flavor with hints of black currant.
Used for: Mainly bittering. Stouts and Dark ales.
Substitute for: Bullion, Northern Brewer, Galena.

Cascade (6.6% – tested August 2013)
Flowery, citrus & spice with grapefruit the noticeable fragrance quite often. This medium aroma balances the low bittering value. Derived from a cross between fuggles and the Russian hop Serebrianker. Very popular hop among craft brewers.
Used For: Good for flavor and aroma, but an acceptable bittering hop. Pale Ales, IPAs, Porters.
Substitute for: Amarillo, Centennial, Ahtanum.

Chinook (11-13%)
Mild to medium-heavy, spicy, distinct piney aroma like a pine forest washed with exotic spice and infused with grapefruit. This alluring aroma and a high bittering value has gained this hop full respect from craft & major brewers. Cross between Petham Golding and USDA select male
Used For: Strong bittering ability. Most beer styles from Pale Ales to Lagers.
Substitute for: Eroica, Galena,Cluster,Nugget, Bullion.

Galena (10-12%)
Medium aroma but pleasant hoppiness.  Bred from Brewer’s Gold by open pollination. Excellent high alpha acid hop with balanced bittering profiles paired with acceptable hop aroma.
Used For: Very bitter, but blends well with finishing hops. American ales, stouts and lagers. Suitable for all beer styles.
Substitute for: Nugget, Cluster, Chinook.  

Newport (10-17%)  Removed April 2016 due to poor performance
Mild aroma.  Fairly pungent, resiny flavor.  An Oregon original derived from Brewers gold, Mittelfruh, Late Grape, Belgium 31, and Fuggle.  Newport hops were bred as a potential replacement to Galena based on their resistance to mildew.  Widely used by the Rogue Brewery.
Used For: Mainly bittering. Virtually any style.
Substitute for: Galena.

Nugget (11-16%)
Strong heavy and herbal, spicy aroma and high bittering value (along with desirable growing traits) has brought this hop variety to the forefront of the industry.  Selected from a cross between Brewer’s Gold and a high alpha male.
Used For: Aroma and bittering. All Ales, Stouts.
Substitute for: Chinook, Galena, Cluster. 

Zeus (5.4% – tested August 2013)
Earthy, spicy, pungent, with some citrus overtones. Not overwhelmingly citrus like Cascade. Normally high on the bittering scale yet also valued for its oil content creates a hop that is an interesting dichotomy of sharp and herbal.
Used For: Aroma and bittering. American style ales, stouts.
Substitute for: Columbus, Tomahawk.

Sources:
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s